Monthly Archives: October 2012

Cricket Rules: Leg BeforeWicket

In cricket, both fielders and bowlers can get the batter, known as the batsman, out. Fielders can get the batsman out by throwing the ball at the bails on the stumps while the batsman runs or by catching a batsman’s struck ball in the air. Bowlers can get the batsman out by hitting the stumps behind the batter, the equivalent to pitching to a batter’s strike zone in baseball. The bowler can also get the batsman out by causing the batsman to block, accidentally or on purpose, a good pitch with his pads. The leg before wicket rule, often abbreviated as lbw, covers this circumstance.
The sport of cricket dates to the early 17th century. The London Club issued the first official Laws of Cricket in 1744, and the Marylebone Cricket Club revised these in 1788. An ESPN cricket timeline dates the leg before wicket rule to 1774 and the first recorded case of a “leg before wicket” out to 1795.


The cricket umpire has to make a decision regarding the lbw law when the batsman blocks a pitch with his pads, causing the ball to hit leg before wicket. The umpire should only call a leg before wicket out if the ball would have hit the stumps had the batsman not interfered.


The umpire calls the batsman out if the pitch hits his pads in front of the stumps and would have continued on to hit the stumps without such interference. For the batsman to be called out, the bowler must have pitched the ball in line with the stumps, not outside the line known as “leg stump.” Umpires can also call a batsman out if the batsman blocks the ball with another part of his body without making any attempt to hit the ball.


If the batsman contacts the ball with his bat before blocking it with his pads, he is not out. If the blocked pitch traveled outside the leg stump zone, the umpire cannot call an lbw out.



Wicket keeper Tips

Keeper Gloves
Aside from the bowler, the wicket keeper has the most responsibility and is the most critical position when a cricket team is in the field. It’s also one of the most physically demanding, so staying in top physical condition is important. The wicket keeper stands behind the wicket that the batsman is guarding and stops deliveries that get past the batsman, which prevents runs from being scored. Several tips can help you perform better in this position.
As a wicket keeper, you assume a bent-knee crouch. It’s best to keep your weight on the front of your feet, according to BBC Sport. You also need to be positioned slightly outside off stump. That way you have a clear view past the stumps.

Do not get too close to the stumps when standing back. This is the most common mistake wicket keepers make and is sometimes referred to as “standing in no man’s land,” according to “Dph Sports Series Cricket,” by Ashok Kumar. When standing back, you also want to move into your stance position late as opposed to early to avoid getting set.

You need to watch the ball from the instant the bowler begins to run. However, though anticipation is an important part of a wicket keeper’s job, you should not move until you sight the ball leaving the bowler’s hand. Also keep your head still. It’s important to stay down until the ball is bowled, because if the ball does something odd like staying low, you won’t be able to take it cleanly, according to “”Coaching Youth Cricket,” by Ian Pont.

Adam Gilchrist


As a wicket keeper, it’s best if you can catch with either hand. Using two hands is better than one, however, notes Kumar. Prepare to take the ball with your arms relaxed and almost straight. This will allow your elbows to bend with your take. This is especially important when you take the ball on the leg side. Also consider using just one glove. This allows you to more quickly throw the ball to the bowlers end.


·         “Dph Sports Series Cricket”; Ashok Kumar; 1999


Runs on no ball Cricket Rules

In the sport of cricket, an umpire can call a “no ball” when the bowler has delivered the ball to a batsman in an illegal manner. Common reasons for a no ball include the bowler’s foot, or feet, being in an improper position; fielders taking illegal positions; a dangerously bowled ball; a bowler switching bowling hands or wicket sides without notifying the umpire; a bowled ball bouncing more than once; or a bowled ball rolling on the ground. “No ball” calls give the batting team free runs.
Whenever an umpire calls a no ball, the batting team automatically gets one penalty run–sometimes two–depending on the ground rules in effect for that particular match. Penalty runs awarded off no balls are not credited to any batsman, but they are charged to the bowler.

In addition to penalty runs, batsmen are able to score regular runs on a no ball. A no ball is not a dead ball, and a batsman can swing at it just like any other ball; any runs scored after hitting a no ball are credited to the batsman. A batsman can see that it’s a no ball because the umpire will stick his arm out to the side, parallel to the ground, when making the call. 
Not only is a batsman free to swing at a no ball, it’s actually in his interest to go after the ball more aggressively than usual. That’s because there are fewer ways for a batsman to be called out on a no ball. On a no ball, you can’t be “bowled”–that is, put out–because the bowled ball knocked over your wicket. Batted no balls caught by a fielder are not outs. Leg-before-wicket outs can’t be called on no balls. You aren’t out if you accidentally hit your wicket on a no ball, and you can’t be “stumped,” either, meaning the wicket keeper can’t knock over your wicket if you miss the ball and come out of the crease. Other ways of calling a batsman out–run outs, hitting twice, handing the ball or obstruction–remain valid on a batted no ball.

Batted no balls that are hit past the boundary of the cricket field are scored the same as such hits on legally bowled balls: If the ball goes over the boundary on the fly, the batting team gets six runs; if it bounces or rolls over the boundary, the team gets four runs. These runs are all credited to the batsman and are in addition to the penalty run, or runs, awarded for the no ball in the first place.