Monthly Archives: September 2012

What is the Cricket Rule For Run out & Cross over?


Umpires can give cricket batsmen an out for a number of reasons. One involves a “run out.” This usually occurs when a fielder hits the bales with the ball while the batsman is running to his safe zone, known as the crease. While running, the two on-field batsmen cross over. Run outs tend to happen near the end of games when a team is chasing a score or during one-day matches in which fast scoring wins matches.
SCORING RUNS
A batting team scores by accumulating runs. Each run represents one switch between the two batsmen on the pitch running to their opposite crease. When the batsman leaves his crease to attempt a run, he’s out of his safe zone. During that period, if a ball hits the stumps and takes off the wooden bales, then the batsman closest to that end is given an out.
RUN OUT RULES
When batsmen run, they usually keep the bat held out in front of them. This is because a batsman needs to have some part of his body or bat touching the ground in the crease to be judged safe. If a batsman wanders out of his crease while the ball is in play, he can be run out without even trying to score a run.
CROSS OVER RUN OUT
Batsmen cross over while running to their opposite creases. If a wicket falls before the batsmen cross, then the batsman running away from that crease is given an out. If the two have crossed and a wicket falls, then the batsman running toward that crease is out. In short, the closest batsman to the fallen wicket is given an out for run out no matter when or if the batsmen cross over on the pitch.
EXCEPTIONS
The run out rule has several exceptions in which the batsman is safe despite the wicket falling. For example, if a batsman stands in his crease but has to duck or jump out of the way to avoid being hurt by a moving cricket ball or player, then she can’t be given an out. Similarly, if the ball rebounds off a player’s helmet and directly onto the stumps while the player is out of the crease, it’s not deemed an out.
CONSIDERATIONS

Like many decisions in cricket, the difference between in and out may only be by a few millimeters. During international cricket games umpires frequently refer run out decisions to the third umpire. The third umpire can review slow motion footage from different angles and make a more accurate decision. In particular, the third umpire may look for signs of dust being thrown up as the bat hits the ground.
REFERENCES
·         Lord’s: Law 38 (Run out)

Cricket Scoring Rules

Virat Kohli

In cricket, batsmen score runs by running across the pitch from one batting area, or popping crease, to the other. The team with the most runs scored after a previously determined number of innings wins the match. Learn the rules about scoring runs in cricket to be able to follow cricket matches more easily.
One batsman stands at each popping crease on either side of the pitch. The bowler pitches to one of the batsmen at a time. To score runs, the batsman to whom the bowler bowls the ball must hit the ball and both batsmen must run across the pitch. Each time both batsmen reach the opposite crease, their team scores one run.

RUNNING
No rule requires the batsmen to run across the pitch. A batsman can hit the ball and then decide not to run if he thinks a fielder can easily throw him out. When making runs, the batsmen carry their bats. They must touch the ground past the crease with their bat for their run to count. If the umpire notices that one batsman does not touch the ground during a run, he can deduct one run from the score. The phrase “one short” refers to a batsman’s failure to touch beyond the crease.

FIELD BOUNDARIES
If a batsman hits a ball out of the field or beyond its boundaries, he earns six runs for his team. In this case, the batsmen do not have to run to score points. A batted ball that rolls out of bounds or hits the boundary fence earns four runs.

OVERTHROWS
If a fielder throws the ball to a teammate who fails to catch it and the ball rolls into the opposite outfield, the batsmen can continue to take runs. The phrase “overthrows” describes these additional runs. If the ball then rolls out of bounds, the batsmen’s team earns four additional points.

OUTS
Fielders can throw a batsman out by hitting and breaking a wicket with the ball when the batsman is crossing the pitch. If a batsman is behind his crease when the wicket is hit, he is safe. Fielders can also get the batsman out by catching his batted ball in the air.

REFERENCES

Rules of Beginning Cricket

It is widely disputed as to when the game of cricket was first played, with some scholars arguing the game existed as far back as the 1300s. However, we do know the first published rules of cricket were created in 1744, and it is after this date the game has really come to resemble the sport still played today. Cricket is a relatively simple game, the aim being for one team to score more runs than the other, although it has a set of rules which govern how this may be achieved.
BASICS
Cricket is played by two teams of 11 players on a circular pitch. Exact pitch dimensions vary, but the area on which much of the action happens, called the square, is 22 feet in length with a set of wickets at each end. Wickets consist of three vertical stumps of 22 inches in height, on which two horizontal bails are balanced. One batsman defends a wicket at any one time, while the other stands at the opposite end of the 22 foot pitch. Two umpires stand at opposite ends of the wicket to officiate.

BOWLING
The 11 players of the fielding team are tactically placed around the pitch to try to prevent the batsmen from scoring runs. One player at a time, called a bowler, delivers the ball to the batsmen with the aim of taking his wicket by striking the stumps with the ball. Bowling must be in an over arm motion with the ball being delivered from one end of the 22 foot length of pitch to the other. The ball must bounce only one time before reaching the batsman, and be pitched within a marked width of 8 feet, 8 inches. If the ball fails to bounce, or bounces more than once, or if it is delivered at a width too great for the batsman to play a shot, a no ball or wide is given respectively, and one run is added to the batting total.    

BATTING
Two batsmen at a time are deployed onto the field by the batting side. The aim for batsmen is to score as many runs as possible while avoiding having their wicket taken. One batsman faces the bowler at a time and tries to hit the ball so it travels across the boundary of the pitch, moves into an area that allows running between the wickets to be undertaken or blocks the ball from hitting his wicket. If the ball is hit into a space that the batsmen judge will allow them to run between the wickets without being run out, where the fielding team hit the wickets before the batsmen cross the 22 feet of the pitch, the batsmen will set off for a run, with one score added for each crossing. If a batsmen can strike the ball so that it crosses the pitch boundary, four runs are awarded if the ball crosses along the ground and six runs are awarded of it crosses without touching the pitch. Batsmen can, however, be caught out when a shot is caught by a fielder without having touched the ground, and also be given out leg before wicket if the ball hits his pads in front of the wicket without having made contact with the bat. When a batsman is out, he leaves the pitch to be replaced by the next batsman on his team until all 11 are dismissed.

FIELDING
The fielding team aim to stop runs being scored by the batsmen by placing themselves in strategic positions around the pitch. Fielders aim to position themselves where they think they might catch a batsman out by intercepting a shot or by standing in an area they think might allow them to return the ball to the stumps before a batsman has time to complete a run.

OUTCOMES
In the traditional form of the game, both teams have two innings and two spells of fielding each. Whoever has the highest run score at the completion of both innings is declared the winner, with the game being drawn if the scores are equal.

                                      

                                            (Sports now how?) 

REFERENCES

·         Cricket Rules: Cricket Rules