Monthly Archives: August 2012

Cricket bat types

The right bat can either add to the power you impart to a bowled cricket ball or enable you to use batting techniques that increase your chances of winning the game. Until about 2008, the main cricket bat variables were weight and handle material. These days, a new type of bat allows batsmen to use both sides of the blade to hit the ball.

WEIGHT

A cricket bat can be no more than 38 inches long. Its blade has to be made of wood and cannot be wider than 4.25 inches at any point. There is no maximum weight for the bat specified in the laws of cricket, and bats do vary significantly in weight, from the 3.3 lb. bat that Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar uses to bats that most Australians favor, which weigh 2.4 lbs. Cricket bats of old were significantly lighter than those used today, according to “Materials in Sports Equipment” by Mike Jenkins.

HANDLE

The traditional cricket bat is made of English willow wood. There are no restrictions for either the geometry of or material used in the bat’s handle. Older bats are made of one piece of wood, but more modern bats have a separate blade and handle that are merged during the manufacture process. You are more likely to find a cane handle that is interlaced with rubber strips than a wooden handle. These materials reduce shock vibrations from the bat’s blade to your hands. Some bat manufacturers also offer bats with carbon fiber-reinforced rubber strips in the handle.

NEW INNOVATION

While bats have changed somewhat over time, the Mongoose is the first major bat redesign since 1771, according to BBC Sport. It’s designed for Twenty20 cricket play and is shorter than a traditional bat. However, the bat allows a batsman to hit with both sides of the bat as opposed to just one. The new design will allow a batsman to reach forward and “lap” the bat over his shoulder, which will send the ball to the undefended boundary behind first slip, according to “The Sydney Morning Herald.”

CONSIDERATIONS

Heavier bats allot more power to batters so they can hit the ball farther, but the heavier bats also tire batters out more quickly and make it harder to utilize the full range of shots that a lighter bat accommodates, Jenkins notes. While the Mongoose has less surface area with which to hit the ball because of its smaller blade, it is purported to have a larger “sweet spot,” or ideal area for hitting the ball.

REFERENCES

                                           
            

Laws of Cricket and the Cricket Bat wood

Cricket is strictly governed in its many formats around the world by the International Cricket Council, or ICC. While many aspects of the game, including player conduct, have many laws that restrict them, bats and the types of wood that can be used to create them are largely unrestricted. This freedom in materials allows cricket bat manufacturers to experiment when producing bats for the professional game.

LAW SIX

ICC Law six governs the type of material allowed in a cricket bat, stating that wood is the only acceptable material. The cricket law does not specify any particular types of wood as being banned. Freedom in the use of material is further guaranteed by Law Six because it does not prohibit the weight of the bat in any way.

BLADE

The blade of the bat, which is the surface that strikes the ball during play, is the most strictly regulated part of the equipment. Restriction of the blade as being only wood began in 1979 after Australian Dennis Lillee attempted to use an aluminum bat. The ball was badly damaged by the bat, which was quickly removed from the field, but controversy continually surfaces as bat manufacturers continue to experiment. In 2005, the Marylebone Cricket Club launched an investigation into a graphite-covered wood bat used by Australia’s skipper at the time, Ricky Ponting. Though the graphite met the thickness regulations laid out in Law Six, the MCC questioned its legality and successfully had it banned by the ICC.

HANDLE

Older cricket bats were manufactured as a single piece of wood, but according to “Materials in Sports Equipment, Volume 1,” modern cricket handles are no longer made of wood and instead are manufactured from lighter materials, such as cane. Because there are no restrictions on the material used in the handle, companies have experimented with replacing natural materials like wood with composites like carbon fiber.

COMMON PRACTICE

Most bats used at the professional level are made from a strain of willow known as English willow or cricket bat willow. This type of willow is hard but responsive and does not damage the cricket ball easily with regular use. The mass of the wood is manipulated by manufacturers when they change the length and shape of the bat to suit the needs of different batting styles.

REFERENCES

      

Rules for the game of cricket

Cricket’s exact roots can’t be traced, but the sport evolved into its current form

in England. The first version of the rules were recorded in 1744—and as result many of them seem outdated or complicated—but a knowledge of the basic rules can allow you to play cricket with relative ease. The essence of the game is to score more runs than the other team.

BASIC RULES
Cricket teams are made up of 11 players each. They play on a pitch 22 yards long with a set of three stumps at either end.


The game works in over. An over is six legal deliveries—for every illegal ball, another delivery must be bowled. An illegal delivery is called a “No Ball” or a “Wide,” meaning the ball is out of the batsman’s reach, either too wide or too high. The aim of each delivery is to get the batsman out and prevent him from scoring runs. When an over is complete, a different bowler will bowl another over from the opposite end of the wicket. The rest of the team will consist of a wicket keeper behind the stumps, and the remaining nine players positioned around the field. One umpire stands behind the stumps at the bowler’s end of the pitch to make decisions on legal deliveries and wickets, while another stands at 90 degrees to the batsman.


The opposing team has two batsmen in the middle (one at each end of the wicket), with the aim being to score as many runs as possible and not get out. Runs are scored by running from one end of the wicket to the other or by hitting the ball over the boundary that surrounds the pitch. If the ball bounces before crossing the boundary, that is four runs, and if the ball does not bounce before crossing the boundary it is six runs.
When a batsman is out, he is replaced by a new batsman. After 10 batsmen make outs (10 wickets have fallen) then it is the end of an innings, and the teams switch roles.

WICKET RULES

There are many ways to make an out:


Bowled out (when the ball hits the stumps and removes a bail from the top).
Caught out (when a fielder, bowler or wicket keeper catches the ball after contact with the bat).


Leg before wicket (when the ball strikes a batsman on the leg without touching the bat and is in line with or going on to hit the wicket).


Run out (when a fielder, bowler or wicket keeper removes a bail with the ball before the batsman attempting a run has crossed the batting crease).


Stumped (when the wicket keeper removes a bail while the batsman is outside of the batting crease).


Hit wicket (when the batsman or his bat strikes the stumps and removes a bail in the motion of playing a shot).


Timed out (when the new batsman takes more than three minutes from the fall of the last wicket coming out to the middle of the pitch to bat).


Double hit (a batsman is out if he hits the ball twice to gain runs but can touch the ball again to protect his stumps).


Handling the ball (when the batsman purposely uses a hand not on the bat to touch the ball).


Obstructing the field (when the batsman distracts or obstructs a member of the other team by word or action or hits the ball after it has been touched by a fielder).


The two on-pitch umpires make decisions on whether the batsman is out, supported at a high level by a third umpire who is off the field of play with television replay access.

PITCH DIMENSIONS
The wicket—or distance between each crease—is 22 yards. The pitch to the left side of a right-handed batsman is known as the leg side, and the pitch to the right side of a right-handed batsman is known as the off side (and subsequently the stumps are known as leg, middle and off stump). The boundary distance will vary depending on the space available but must be a minimum of 70 yards from the end of the pitch and 65 yards from the side.

GAME FORMATS
Cricket comes in different forms: test matches, one-day matches, limited over matches and twenty20 matches.


Test matches have no limit on over and are defined by a maximum of five days, with both teams having two innings each (a team can win if their total from one innings exceeds the opposition’s total from two).


Matches also can be played over two or three days, usually with one innings each or with little chance of a result. Domestic cricket is traditionally played in the same format as test matches but over four days.


One-day matches are limited to 50 over per inning and only one innings each.
Limited over games can be capped at 45 or 40 over per innings and again only one innings each.


Twenty20 matches are limited to 20 over per innings with one innings each.

REFERENCES

·         5. ICC: Rules and Regulations